Foreign economic policy has long relied on the customs tariff as an important tool. Customs are the taxes and duties that must be paid when a specific product crosses the customs border, as defined by the term itself. International trade is governed by tariffs, which serve as a guide to the taxes that should be applied to various products. At the time of the customs obligation, the tariff in effect is used to calculate the customs duties that must be paid.
When determining the value of a product for purposes of tariff and non-tariff regulations, customs law and regulation must be followed, and this is known as the customs value of a product. The advalorem system used to calculate customs duty on imported goods is known as the “customs value of the imported goods.”
For the purpose of distinguishing the goods and services of one or more manufacturers and sellers from those provided by their competitors, trademarks are used to identify, promote and differentiate the products or services of these manufacturers and sellers from those provided by their competitors.
Foreign Trade, Tax and Customs Legislation does not apply to these zones, which are located within the country’s borders but outside the customs line in terms of Foreign Trade and Customs. Industrial and commercial activities in free zones are eligible for more generous tax breaks and incentives than those found elsewhere. Although they are part of the Turkish Customs Zone, Turkey’s free zones are free zones.
The places where goods in free circulation are subject to the exit regime’s provisions, where they are accepted outside Turkey’s customs territory in terms of customs duty, trade, and foreign exchange practises, are not subject to any customs regime.
It is hoped that free zones will help increase foreign capital investments and international trade as well as aiding in the development of export-oriented industries, thereby boosting foreign exchange inflows, creating new jobs, and assisting in the management of advanced production and management. Its purpose is to improve the country’s economy by importing foreign techniques.
There are approximately 25 free zones in the immediate vicinity of Turkey, which include Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Northern Cyprus, Southern Cyprus, Greece, and Romania. The following is a succinct summary of the driving force behind these developments. Unskilled workers in developed countries are paid significantly more than their counterparts in developing countries.
The exporter’s goods are insured until the importer receives them from the exporter. To ensure that both parties are aware of this, it should be included in the delivery contract. When goods are transported from one location to another, they are covered by a type of insurance known as transportation insurance. For example, the insured’s interest in the goods is protected from the risks that may arise during shipping with this type of insurance. Commodity insurance policies are needed in a wide range of industries, and it is important to know what those industries are first.
Import and export transportation are included in this category. When an insurer requests a guarantee with a narrow or wide scope, the price will be applied in direct proportion to the scope’s breadth and will vary for each type of shipment. In addition, these price practises vary within themselves depending on the type of commodity and the length of the journey.